Action aimed at favouring access by members of certain categories of people, in this particular case, women, to rights which they are guaranteed, to the same extent as members of other categories, in this particular case, men.
See also: temporary special measures; specific action
(1) Final report of the Group of Specialists on positive action: Positive action in the field of equality between women and men EG-SPA (2000)7; (2) ECHR, Thlimmenos v. Greece [GC] (No. 34369/97), 6 April 2000, para. 44. Similarly, ECHR, Pretty v. UK (No. 2346/02), 29 April 2002, para. 88.