Legal provisions on protection orders
The initiative for the Act on the Restraining Orders was made by a group of Members of Parliament. The purpose of this proposal was to protect women in intimate relationships. The final Bill, presented to the Parliament in 1998, presented the problem in a wider context. The law on restraining orders came into force in 1999 (4.12.1998/898). There are three types of restraining orders (also called protection orders). All of them can be based on a threat of a crime against life, health or freedom of a person.
There is no legal definition of intimate partner violence in the criminal law. It could fall under "assault"