Serious crime and a gross violation of human rights involving the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or through the giving or receiving of payments or benefits, to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (including, at a minimum, the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs).
(1) United Nations (2000). Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime;
(2) Council of Europe (2005). Council of Europe Convention on Actions against Trafficking in Human Beings.