a comprehensive institutional framework that connects various entities with well-defined and delineated (albeit in some cases overlapping) mandates, responsibilities and powers into a network of cooperation.

The overall aim is to ensure the protection and assistance of victims, to aid in their full recovery and empowerment, the prevention of gender-based violence and the prosecution of perpetrators (the so-called 3 p’s). Referral mechanisms work on the basis of efficient lines of communication and establish clearly outlined referral pathways and procedures, with clear and simple sequential steps.