Household in which an adult female is the sole or main income producer and decision-maker. 

Additional notes and information

In most countries, women are not usually considered as heads of households unless no adult male is living permanently in the household. The assumption that the head of a household is always an adult man, even if a woman’s economic contribution to the household’s maintenance is the same or greater than that of a man, is a form of gender bias. In developing countries, there is a general trend of more and more women being the primary source of economic support for their families.


International Labour Organization − ILO (2007). ABC of Women Workers’ Rights and Gender Equality. Available at:…