Provision of public, private, individual or collective services to meet the needs of parents and children or members of the immediate family. 

Additional notes and information

The flexibility of these services and facilities is required in order to meet the particular needs of children of different ages and of other family members requiring care, as well as of their working parents or other family members. All workers, irrespective of their sex, should have the possibility of combining paid employment with their responsibilities for children and other family members, and the active role of men should be promoted with adequate measures to ensure the equal division of caring responsibilities among women and men.


(1) Council Recommendation 92/241/EEC of 31/03/92, OJ L 123;

(2) International Labour Organization − ILO (2007). ABC of Women Workers’ Rights and Gender Equality.