Since 2013, the EU has made several commitments to address gender equality issues in education and training. The Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality 2016-2019 highlighted the need to address gendered choices in study subjects and subsequent careers. In 2015, the EU called for action to tackle gender stereotypes and ensure that teachers are trained to create inclusive, egalitarian and non-discriminatory learning environments.

To address gender segregation in education, the Council of the EU called for parallel efforts to encourage men and boys to work and study in female-dominated sectors such as social services and care. In addition to the gender segregation in education, the European Commission has addressed the horizontal and vertical gender segregation among personnel in the education and research sectors.