- Policy areaTransport
... studies, gender is a significant factor in accounting for differences in mobility and travel behaviour. Firstly, mobility is ... level), as they have to combine their caring role with their income activities. For example, in most cases, women are responsible for ...05 Kovas 2015
- Toolkit page
... Recent years have seen wage increases and higher disposable income among households in a large majority of Member States (European ... (PPS), which is an artificial currency that accounts for differences in price levels between Member States. The sub-domain of ...
- Toolkit page
... too expensive  . There is a clear correlation between income and health: the higher the income, the better the health, regardless of ... have further detrimental consequences for health. Gender differences in ill health are often due to differences in employment status, as ...
- Policy areaPoverty
... inadequate housing; and unsafe environments. Gender differences and inequalities between women and men are a major feature of ... parents. Women are less likely to secure a decent individual income through employment and they have a lower employment rate than men in all ...14 Gruodis 2015
- Policy areaMigration
... may cause difficulties. The resource levels (income and/or housing) required to qualify for family reunification can be ... . For instance, in northern European countries, income or housing criteria in practice mean that women have to work full time ...11 Rugsėjis 2020
... area and I believe this particular questionnaire referred to income, I think, so some pretty insidious questions, which people couldn’t ... now”. Women knew the following things: family members, income and such. (...) R: There was a rainfall, it was very cold and ...
- Method/ToolHealth, ViolenceVeiled pain. Psychological, social and relational consequences of FGM among immigrant women in the NL
... infibulation as type of circumcision, and lack of a job or income were significant factors associated with psychopathology. Interestingly, ...01 Sausis 2011
- Policy areaEnvironment and climate change
... solutions (public transport). Due to their lower average income, women are at greater risk of energy poverty than men, and have fewer ... in environment decision-making institutions gender differences in adaptation and mitigation strategies gender differences in ...05 Kovas 2015
- Policy areaTourism
... EU. Research shows that tourism has become one of the main income generators in both developed and developing countries, with business ... own small business would create an opportunity to generate income and give visibility to the cultural heritage of the country. The ...05 Kovas 2015
- Toolkit page
... an informal carer EUR 600 a month in cash. Of her monthly income of EUR 2 916, she pays EUR 1 830 for childcare. That is 63 % of her ... just short of the OECD average  of 67 % of household income spent on childcare. As the OECD average is based on two children, costs ...
- Policy areaEmployment
... but addressing its weaknesses (poor implementation, with big differences between EU countries in the speed and depth of reform). The new ... Moreover, self-employment leads to much lower earnings and income for women and can lead to a greater risk of poverty over the life ...05 Kovas 2015