Aliens Circular 2000, Chapter C4/2.11 (Netherlands)
Chapter C4/2.11 of the Aliens Circular 2000 mentions FGM for the first time. It stated that (political) resistance to FGM can lead to the conclusion that the women is a refugee. In paragraph C4/3.2, calling on FGM for asylum can be seen as a violation of article 3 ECHR. First condition for granting asylum was that it had to be proved that the woman does not want to continue the tradition. An additional condition was that there should not be an alternative reallocation for the woman or in case the woman rejects FGM, she would find herself in a social outcast position.
Number of asylum cases requested on the ground of FGM
at least 30?