Refugee Act 1996, as amended (Ireland)
Grant refugee status or if not granted the possibility to appeal and possibly be grated Subsidiary Protection.
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
2.—In this Act “a refugee” means a person who, owing to a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his or her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his or her former habitual residence, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it, but does not include a person who—
(a) is receiving from organs or agencies of the United Nations (other than the High Commissioner) protection or assistance,
(b) is recognised by the competent authorities of the country in which he or she has taken residence as having the rights and obligations which are attached to the possession of the nationality of that country,
(c)3 there are serious grounds for considering that he or she—
(i) has committed a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against humanity, as defined in the international instruments drawn up to make provision in respect of such crimes,
(ii) has committed a serious non-political crime outside the State prior to his or her arrival in the State, or
(iii) has been guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations
Definition of 'particular social group' and type(s) of persecution addressed
Interpretation 1 “membership of a particular social group” includes membership of a trade union and also includes membership of a group of persons whose defining characteristic is their belonging to the female or the male sex or having a particular sexual orientation;” Page 4 It is unlikely that an application for Refugee status would be granted in Ireland on the basis of past persecution (except possibly under European Communities (Eligibility for Protection) Regulations 2006 5.2) signed into Irish law 2006 "5. 2) The fact that a protection applicant has already been subject to persecution or serious harm, or to direct threats of such persecution or such harm, shall be regarded as a serious indication of the applicant's well-founded fear of persecution or real risk of suffering serious harm, unless there are good reasons to consider that such persecution or serious harm will not be repeated, but compelling reasons arising out of previous persecution or serious harm alone may nevertheless warrant a determination that the applicant is eligible for protection. "and more probable that status would be granted under fear of future persecution.
Irish Statute Book from the Office of the Attorney General and Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner and Irish Naturalisation & Immigration Service (Department of Justice and Equality); Current 1996 Act with all amendments listed: http://www.inis.gov.ie/en/INIS/Pages/WP07000068
Information collecting point
Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner and Refugee Appeals Tribunal