Estonian Law of Obligations Act
Targeted professionals: Providers of health care services
Professional Secrecy Provisions
Conditions for disclosing information
§ 768. Duty to maintain confidentiality
(1) Providers of health care services and persons participating in the provision of health care services shall maintain the confidentiality of information regarding the identity of patients and their state of health which has become known to them in the course of providing health care services or performing their official duties and they shall ensure that the information contained in documents specified in § 769 of this Act does not become known to other persons unless otherwise prescribed by law or by agreement with the patient.
(2) It is permitted to deviate from the duty provided for in subsection (1) of this section to a reasonable extent if failure to disclose the information could result in the patient significantly damaging himself or herself or other persons.
Existence of disciplinary sanctions in case of non-reporting
Not specified. In cases of FGM, the Penal Code might be used:
§ 307. Failure to report crime
(1) Failure to report commission by another person of a criminal offence in the first degree is punishable by a pecuniary punishment or up to 3 years’ imprisonment.
Date of entering into force
Information collecting point
Criminal proceedings are conducted by courts, Prosecutor's Offices and investigative bodies