Meta-analysis of gender and science research – Country group report Eastern countries
This is one of the thematic reports of the study Meta-analysis of gender and science research, a project of the7th RTD Framework Programme of the European Union (RTD-PP-L4-2007-1), commissioned by DG Researchto the consortium led by CIREM (Spain) and made up of Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium), InovaConsultancy Ltd. (United Kingdom), Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini (Italy), Bergische Universität Wuppertal(Germany) and Politikatörténeti Intézet KHT (Hungary). The study was carried out between 2008 and 2010.The purpose of the study was to collect and analyse research on horizontal and vertical gender segregation inresearch careers, as well as the underlying causes and effects of these two processes.The objectives of the study were to:Provide an exhaustive overview and analysis of research on gender and science carried out at the European, national, and regional levels.Make the study results accessible to researchers and policy-makers via an informed bibliography (online database) and a set of reports.Steer policy-making on gender and science and define future research priorities within the Framework Programme, in particular through good practice examples and gap analysis in the various research topics.For the purposes of the study, ‘science’ was understood in its broadest meaning, including social sciences and humanities as well as research and technological development.The study covered the research on gender and science produced between 1980 and 2008, in all Europeanlanguages, in 33 countries: the 27 EU Member States as well as 6 Associated Countries to the SeventhFramework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7) (Croatia, Iceland, Israel, Norway, Switzerland, and Turkey).The study produced five country-group reports, seven topic reports and the final synthesis report.The objective of this report is to provide an exhaustive overview and analysis of the researches carried out at the national levels of the Eastern country-group of the ‘Meta-analysis of genderand science research’ project. This group includes eleven countries (in alphabetic order):Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania,Slovak Republic and Slovenia. Eight countries of the Eastern group: the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovak Republic and Slovenia joined the European Union in 2004 while two other countries, Bulgaria and Romania, became members in 2007. Since 2008, Croatia has been in the process of accession to the EU.The study covers the research carried out in these countries between 1980-2008, structuredinto eight preliminary defined topics: 1) horizontal segregation; 2) vertical segregation; 3) payand funding; 4) stereotypes and identity; 5) science as a labour activity; 6) scientific excellence;7) gender in research contents and 8) policies towards gender equality in research.The methodological approach of the Report is comparative analysis of the researches done onthe above eight topics at the national level of the participating countries aiming at revealing themost relevant findings in terms of strengths and gaps and possible controversies at the regionallevel of the Eastern country-group.