"Einteilen, sparen, sinnvoll ausgeben" : entwicklungspolitische Diskurse über Geldverhalten und Geschlecht im 20. Jahrhundert
The contribution studies Western development discourses about ‘adequate’ ways of handling money in the so-called developing countries in the twentieth century. Both colonial and post-colonial development policies were, in part, driven by a ‘civilising mission’, which implied the need to ‘educate’ and ‘train’ the individuals and societies in question. Promoting particular ways of dealing with money was part of this modernising mission, which aimed to stabilise political power and to introduce or strengthen a ‘modern’ work ethic. Assuming that the use and handling of money are not genderneutral but mirror social norms and structures, the article, by drawing on examples from South Asia and Africa in colonial and post-colonial times, looks at how Western gender norms figured in debates about labour, consumption, and the family. It focuses on three areas of dealing with money: home economics, consumption, and savings and credits.