Organisation theory demonstrates that the informal and invisible rules and regulations of an administration are crucial for understanding organisations. Organisations are not mechanical entities running according to fixed rules; instead they are entities with a certain momentum and non-documented rules and regulations, which are reflected in a specific organisational culture.
The core elements of organisational culture are implicit; they are practiced in daily routines, give a common direction to the members of an organisation, and are the result of learning and internal coordination within an organisation. Furthermore, they constitute a specific view of the world.
Individuals do not consciously learn an organisational culture, but they internalise it within a process of socialisation. This shows that institutional transformation can occur only if organisational culture is taken into account.