I congedi di paternità, un confronto in Europa
Paternity leave, a European debate
Paternity leave are generally available to fathers only, usually to be taken soon after the birth of a child, and intended to enable the father to spend time with his partner, new child and older children. Ever-growing numbers of families in Western societies seek to balance paid work and family commitments. Consequently, the need for innovative social policy measures and radical transformation of the links between the welfare state, the labour market, and families has intensified. Scandinavian countries, some of which instituted paid maternity leave in the nineteenth century, have moved on to pioneer a range of innovative ideas - including guaranteed rights to childcare, shared access to parental leave, "daddy leave". Most countries in the European Union offer paid paternity leave, from two days in Spain to two weeks in France.