Netherlands // Structures

The central gender-equality policy department in the Dutch government is the Directorate for Emancipation, established in 1970. It has been situated at an intermediate level in the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science since the Cabinet changes of 2007. Women’s emancipation and the emancipation of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have been integrated into its portfolio. The Minister for Education, Culture and Science presents the national emancipation policy framework to parliament in what is known as a policy letter. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which has a specific Department for Gender Equality, also formulated an international gender policy in 2011 and presented it to parliament.

Other support structures for gender mainstreaming include the Interdepartmental Coordinating Committee on Emancipation Policy (ICE) and the Emancipation Review Committee (VCE), tasked with following up, assessing and stimulating the Dutch government’s progress on gender mainstreaming.