Swedish Aliens Act (2005:716)
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
In this Act ‘refugee’ means an alien who is outside the country of the alien’s because he or she feels a well-founded fear of persecution on grounds of religious or political belief, or on grounds of gender, sexual orientation or other membership of a particular social group and is unable, or because of his or her fear is unwilling, to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country.
Number of asylum cases granted on the ground of FGM
FGM: "Number of cases where asylum was granted [because of fear of FGM] up to now : 39 (11 male applicants out of these, since they were part of concerned families)." Page 9. The document: "Praxisgenomgång: Förföljelse på grund av sexuell läggning - grunder för uppehållstillstånd" [Scrutiny of practices: Persecution on the ground of sexual orientation], the Migration Board, dated 2002-01-28.
Official database; Report national broadcasting company; http://www.regeringen.se/content/1/c6/06/61/22/bfb61014.pdf
Information collecting point
There is no such register and no specific person at the Migration Board that would know (the officials deal with specific cases but nobody knows the figures in total). Decisions are made on the basis of the total situation of the applicants, therefore FGM may or may not be a piece in a bigger picture. Information from the Migration Board (telephone conversation with Monica Lindell, 25 January 2012).