Case Law (1952-2006) (Luxembourg)
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
Until the bill on Asylum rights and subsidiary protection was passed in 2006, the administrative courts of Luxembourg, competent to take decisions on asylum rights, referred to the definition held in article 1, A2 of the Geneva Convention (1951), that considers a refugee any person "owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it".
Definition of 'particular social group' and type(s) of persecution addressed
Olivier Lang, most respected lawyer for Asylum applications in Luxembourg; Case Law at: www.ja.etat.lu