Courts Act (Estonia)
Targeted professionals: Judges
Professional Secrecy Provisions
Conditions for disclosing information
§ 71. Duty of confidentiality (2) A judge may disclose facts to which the duty of confidentiality applies in judicial proceedings or pre-trial procedure in criminal matters only with the permission of the Supreme Court en banc.
(3) In order to obtain the permission specified in subsection (2) of this section, the court or investigative agency conducting the proceeding or a judge bound by the duty of confidentiality may address the Supreme Court en banc.
Existence of disciplinary sanctions in case of non-reporting
Not specified. In cases of FGM, the Penal Code might be used:
§ 307. Failure to report crime
(1) Failure to report commission by another person of a criminal offence in the first degree is punishable by a pecuniary punishment or up to 3 years’ imprisonment.
Date of entering into force
Information collecting point
Criminal proceedings are conducted by courts, Prosecutor's Offices and investigative bodies