Act on Granting International Protection to Aliens (14 December, 2005) (Estonia)
§ 19. Bases for establishing persecution and serious risk (2) Among others, the following circumstances observable in a state shall be considered to be persecution: 1) physical or mental violence, including sexual abuse 6) gender-specific acts and acts directed against minors.
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
" A refugee is an alien who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted or for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country and with regard to whom no circumstance exists precluding recognition as a refugee."
Definition of 'particular social group' and type(s) of persecution addressed
"Fear of persecution and serious risk may be based on events which have taken place in the country of origin of the applicant after the applicant left the country."
Number of asylum cases requested on the ground of FGM
Number of asylum cases granted on the ground of FGM
Reported or suspected FGM cases registered with authorities
Information collecting point
Police and Border Guard Board is responsible for records regarding asylum seekers Criminal proceedings are conducted by courts, Prosecutor's Offices and investigative bodies