Theoretical reflection, developed in the humanities in the mid 1980s against a backdrop of growing theoretical interest in sexualities, which was coterminous with the civil movement’s adoption of the word ‘queer’, which previously had a pejorative meaning. 

Additional notes and information

The basic thesis on the positivity of ‘outlaw/justice’ sexuality status derives from questioning the normality and performativity of heterosexual identity.


Pilcher, J., and Whelehan, I. (2004). Fifty Key Concepts in Gender Studies, London, Thousand Oaks.