Rape is an unlawful sexual act and a harmful form of sexual violence that disproportionately affects women and girls. Rape occurs in the absence of consent, the voluntary agreement between participants to engage in sexual activity.

EIGE recognises the need for systematic data collection on the prevalence and frequency of rape in the EU, the effects of sexual violence on victims and the actions of Member States to prosecute and hold the perpetrators accountable. Globally, an estimated 1 in 10 girls (10 %) have been a victim of rape.

Administrative data is information that is created when people interact with public services (e.g. law enforcement, court systems and healthcare institutions). Even though administrative data is primarily collected for administrative purposes, it plays an important role in monitoring the implementation of policies and in assessing the effectiveness of the state response.