For the first time ever, EIGE’s Gender Equality Index shows signs of a worsening situation for women in many areas of work and home life. By addressing these rising inequalities today, we can build a stronger economy that benefits everyone, regardless of gender.
Working women earn on average 13% less than men for doing the same job. Lower wages in turn lead to less social protection, fewer pension entitlements and other social benefits. And women continue to pay the price for this well into retirement, with pensions 37% lower than men’s.
The Gender Equality Index is a tool to measure the progress of gender equality in the EU, developed by EIGE. It gives more visibility to areas that need improvement and ultimately supports policy makers to design more effective gender equality measures. The Gender Equality Index has tracked the painfully slow progress of gender equality in the EU since 2010, mostly due to advances in decision-making.
Since 2013, the Gender Equality Index has been recognised by EU institutions and Member States as a key benchmark for gender equality in the EU. The 6th edition of the Index covers a range of indicators in the domains of society and life most afected by the COVID-19 crisis. Although Index scores are mostly based on 2019 data, and therefore cannot capture the full impact of the crisis on gender equality, the report provides ample evidence of the pandemic’s negative repercussions on women in the domains of work, money, knowledge, time, power and health.
This study looked into the socio-economic consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic and the impact on gender equality, specifically: Impact on employment, unemployment and inactivity; sectors most affected by the crisis...
There is a direct link between the unequal division of unpaid care in households and gender inequalities in the labour market. The bulk of unpaid care work is done by women, and this hinders their access to employment. The paid care sector has a large share of women employees who are often in low-income, precarious jobs, with few career prospects.
With a score of 67.9 out of 100, the EU is at least 60 years away from reaching complete gender equality, if we continue at the current pace. The latest Gender Equality Index from the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) shows that the EU is improving by just half a point each year.
In 2015-2016, the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) conducted a restricted survey in the 28 EU Member States (EU-28) on the benefits of gender-sensitive infrastructure The survey aimed to collect direct information on the importance of existing infrastructure services for everyday activities, and the level of well-being that public infrastructure provides. This study aims to close the research gap and offer a tool for scholars and policymakers to better understand people’s needs and plan a more efficient and balanced allocation of public resources.
Public services such as transport, health centres and care facilities play an essential part in the well-being of Europeans. We use public service infrastructure every day; it underpins our lives, and is essential for the functioning of society. Infrastructure is meant to deliver services that address the diverse needs of women and men and contribute to equal opportunities for all.
The Europe 2020 strategy aims to lift at least 20 million people out of poverty and social exclusion. However, this target does not directly acknowledge the gender dimension of poverty and looks unlikely to be met; 23.3 % of women and 21.6 % of men in the EU remain at risk of poverty or social exclusion. More recently, the European Pillar of Social Rights emphasised the right to decent levels of income for people both in and out of work and highlighted that women and men should have equal opportunities to acquire pension rights.
Gender differences and inequalities between women and men are a major feature of social exclusion and poverty. A range of interrelated factors explain this, namely: the gender pay and pension gap, care burden/work–life balance, social exclusion and violence against women. Women suffer more than men from certain types of poverty. Even more at risk are women living alone, migrant women, elderly women and women with disabilities.