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Engaging in non-consensual vaginal, anal or oral penetration of a sexual nature of the body of another person with any bodily part or object.
Consent must be given voluntarily as the result of the person’s free will, as assessed in the context of the surrounding circumstances.
Sexual penetration, whether vaginal, anal or oral, through the use of object or body parts, without consent, using force, coercion or by taking advantage of the vulnerability of the victim.
Additional notes and information
Council of Europe (2011). Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and its Explanatory Memorandum. Council of Europe Treaty Series No 210.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2017). Glossary of definitions of rape, femicide and intimate partner violence. See a list of Member State definitions here.