Culture can be defined as the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Gender aspects are relevant to the broad definition of culture as a ‘social construction’ and to the ways in which cultural policy is designed and implemented. This is because cultural rights are human rights, and therefore the rights of both women and men. The socially constructed roles of women and men are also culturally determined, and have differed throughout history and across different societies. Differences between women and men, be it in employment, pay or decision-making positions, persist.

Gender mainstreaming approaches are not yet fully integrated into the EU culture and media policymaking process. The introduction of a gender perspective into cultural institutions would enhance women’s opportunities in the cultural sphere.