The implementation of gender mainstreaming in Finland can be considered to date back to 1980–1985, when the Finnish government’s first Action Plan for Gender Equality stated that promoting gender equality was a task for every administrative unit. Efforts to institutionalise gender mainstreaming as a concept and practice began in the late 1990s, after Finland committed to implementing the Beijing Platform for Action, including the principle of gender mainstreaming.
The approach to gender mainstreaming in the Finnish government administration has a dual focus: creating and supporting permanent gender-mainstreaming structures in all ministries, and ensuring the implementation of gender mainstreaming in the key processes of administration (preparation of legislation, budget preparation, performance management, statistics and major projects).
Laws and Policies
Gender mainstreaming obligations and goals are included in several gender-equality arrangements: the Act on Equality between Women and Men; government programmes; the Government Action Plan for Gender Equality 2012–2015, which includes a special component on gender mainstreaming; and the Government Report on Equality between Women and Men. Some ministries also have separate gender mainstreaming action plans, such as the Ministry of Justice.
Methods & Tools
Various gender-mainstreaming methods are being used, e.g. gender impact assessment, gender budgeting, sex-disaggregated statistics and capacity-building.