PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY IN RESEARCH Legal framework Significant positive change is evident in gender equality in Croatia in the last 15 years. These improvements, however, largely centred on legislative change and developing central key structures for gender equality. The legal framework ensuring the promotion of gender equality in Croatia has several intertwined parts. Gender equality is first guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, and then developed further in the Gender Equality Act.
The Student-Teacher Association (Za-Pravo) within the University of Zagreb’s Faculty of Law was founded at the end of 2020. It seeks to create a safe, supportive environment, including organising weekly open meetings, conferences, round tables and guest lectures. It also offers education and campaigns for teachers and students in the Faculty of Law, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
The University of Rijeka developed their GEP with the SPEAR project team and different stakeholders – local community members, national policy actors and other institutions developing GEPs in Croatia. The GEP addresses four major areas where inequalities have been detected, which are (1) the institutional culture of GE, (2) GE in scientific and artistic research, (3) GE in teaching and training and (4) reconciliation of personal life and professional obligations.
The Centre for Women's Studies at the University of Rijeka’s Faculty of Philosophy was founded in 2016 and is the only formally confirmed academic centre of study for gender and feminist topics. The Centre links the academic and civil sectors, and is a platform for interdisciplinary domestic and international research. The Student-Teacher Association (Za-Pravo) within the University of Zagreb’s Faculty of Law was founded at the end of 2020.
Data collection systems vary widely across EU Member States, as they draw on various sources. To improve the collection of administrative data on femicide, EIGE has been working to establish indicators that can harmonise data collection processes across Member States’ jurisdictions. EIGE has collected information from a wide variety of stakeholders through a questionnaire sent to official data providers and an online survey filled in by national experts.
Parental leave is granted to parents, usually after maternity and paternity leave, allowing mothers and fathers to take care of their young children without losing their jobs. Such a policy exists in all EU Member States and in Croatia it is called Roditeljski dopust. The policy design and eligibility rules vary across the EU, including in Croatia, and not all women and men in the EU are eligible for parental leave.
With 57.9 out of 100 points, Croatia ranks 20th in the EU on the Gender Equality Index. Croatia’s score is 10.0 points below the EU’s score. Since 2010, its score has increased by 5.6 points. About half of the increase has been achieved since 2017. Croatia’s ranking has improved by five places since 2010. Further information Explore the Gender Equality Index 2020 Gender Equality Index 2020:
With 55.6 out of 100 points, Croatia ranks 22nd in the EU on the Gender Equality Index. Its score is 11.8 points lower than the EU’s score. Between 2005 and 2017, Croatia’s score ncreased by 5.3 points (+ 2.5 points since 2015). Croatia is progressing towards gender equality at a slower pace. Its ranking has remained the same as in 2005.
The recommendations were developed after an in-depth analysis of data collection from the police and justice sectors. They aim to improve administrative data collection on intimate partner violence to better inform policies and to help the Member States meet the monitoring requirements outlined in both Directive 2012/29/EU (the Victims’ Rights Directive) and the Istanbul Convention. Read more Data collection on intimate partner violence by the police and justice sectors - all EU countries Indicators on intimate partner violence and rape for the police and justice sectors EIGE's work on data collection on violence against women
The Gender Equality Index 2017 examines the progress and challenges in achieving gender equality across the European Union from 2005 to 2015. Using a scale from 1 (full inequality) to 100 (full equality), it measures the differences between women and men in key domains of the EU policy framework (work, money, knowledge, time, power and health). The Index also measures violence against women and intersecting inequalities.
Many women victims of intimate partner violence in the EU Member States remain unprotected. Perpetrators often go unpunished due to inadequate law enforcement approaches, which do not align with international human rights treaties. A gender-neutral approach to the law, coupled with the unavailability of data and existing stereotypes result in the denial of violence against women and its tolerance or normalisation.