PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY IN RESEARCH Legal framework As of the end of 2020, Bulgaria had not adopted any specific laws or regulations on promoting gender equality in research and innovation. However, in April 2016, the Bulgarian Parliament adopted the Equality between Women and Men Act (EWMA). The EWMA imposes obligations on the Minister of Labour and Social Policy to "coordinate the establishment and the maintenance of a system for gender equality monitoring and the drafting of a report on gender equality in the Republic of Bulgaria”.
As a partner in SPEAR, Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski (PU) began to develop its institutional GEP. Gender equality had never been a matter of concern at PU and no gender work or capacity-building had taken place prior to its participation in SPEAR. Researchers started with interviews, workshops, discussions and other initiatives to get in-depth information about staff and management attitudes to gender, and to raise individual and organisational awareness of gender equality.
Data collection systems vary widely across EU Member States, as they draw on various sources. To improve the collection of administrative data on femicide, EIGE has been working to establish indicators that can harmonise data collection processes across Member States’ jurisdictions. EIGE has collected information from a wide variety of stakeholders through a questionnaire sent to official data providers and an online survey filled in by national experts.
Parental leave is granted to parents, usually after maternity and paternity leave, allowing mothers and fathers to take care of their young children without losing their jobs. Such a policy exists in all EU Member States and in Bulgaria it is called Отпуск за отглеждане на дете до 2-годишна възраст. The policy design and eligibility rules vary across the EU and not all women and men in the EU are eligible for parental leave.
With 59.6 out of 100 points, Bulgaria ranks 19th in the EU on the Gender Equality Index. Bulgaria’s score is 8.3 points below the EU’s score. Since 2010, Bulgaria’s score has increased by 4.6 points. Its score has increased only slightly (by 0.8 points) since 2017. The country’s ranking has fallen two places since 2010. Further information Explore the Gender Equality Index 2020 Gender Equality Index 2020:
With 58.8 out of 100 points, Bulgaria ranks 19th on the Gender Equality Index. Bulgaria’s score is 8.6 points lower than the EU’s score. Between 2005 and 2017, Bulgaria’s score increased by only 2.8 points (+ 0.8 points since 2015). Bulgaria has been progressing towards gender equality at a slower pace than other EU Member States. Bulgaria’s ranking has dropped five places since 2005.
The recommendations were developed after an in-depth analysis of data collection from the police and justice sectors. They aim to improve administrative data collection on intimate partner violence to better inform policies and to help the Member States meet the monitoring requirements outlined in both Directive 2012/29/EU (the Victims’ Rights Directive) and the Istanbul Convention. Read more Data collection on intimate partner violence by the police and justice sectors - all EU countries Indicators on intimate partner violence and rape for the police and justice sectors EIGE's work on data collection on violence against women
The Gender Equality Index 2017 examines the progress and challenges in achieving gender equality across the European Union from 2005 to 2015. Using a scale from 1 (full inequality) to 100 (full equality), it measures the differences between women and men in key domains of the EU policy framework (work, money, knowledge, time, power and health). The Index also measures violence against women and intersecting inequalities.
Many women victims of intimate partner violence in the EU Member States remain unprotected. Perpetrators often go unpunished due to inadequate law enforcement approaches, which do not align with international human rights treaties. A gender-neutral approach to the law, coupled with the unavailability of data and existing stereotypes result in the denial of violence against women and its tolerance or normalisation.
Violence against women is rooted in women’s unequal status in society, and that status reflects the unbalanced distribution of social, political, and economic power among women and men in society. It is one of the most pervasive human rights violations of our time and a form of discrimination that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women.