BPfA Areas
  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area G - Women in power and decision-making: slow and uneven progress

    Recent years have seen considerable focus on the representation of women in political and economic decision-making by EU institutions. Both the European Parliament and the European Commission put in place actions to encourage politicians in the Member States to introduce measures to improve and accelerate gender balance in political and economic leadership positions. The European Commission has continued to promote gender balance in political and public decision-making positions through its strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019 and its own target to achieve 40 % representation of women in senior and middle management within its institutions by 2019.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area H - Institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women: reduced efforts from Member States

    Gender equality is one of the fundamental values of the EU. Since 1996, the EU Commission has committed itself to a dual approach, which involves ‘mainstreaming a gender perspective in all policies, while also implementing specific measures to eliminate, prevent or remedy gender inequalities’ (1). More recently, the 2013 Council conclusions on institutional mechanisms highlighted the mainstreaming principle within all of its activities as a specific goal.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area I - Human rights of women: under threat

    All EU Member States have obligations to eliminate discrimination against women and ensure that they fully enjoy their human rights. The long-standing Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women is the basis for this. Since 2013, there have been several developments within EU policy that are relevant to the human rights of women. First, the Istanbul Convention will create a comprehensive legal framework on violence against women, once it is ratified by all Member States.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area J - Women and the media: harmful stereotypes persist

    The EU’s overarching gender equality commitments and measures have rarely addressed women and the media. The media were not mentioned as a priority in the European Commission’s strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019 or in the Council of the EU’s pact for equality between women and men 2011-2020. Nevertheless, the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive (2018) marked a significant development in updating the EU legal framework on media, calling on Member States to eliminate discrimination based on sex in audiovisual commercial communications provided by all media service providers under their jurisdiction.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area K - Women and the environment: climate change is gendered

    The climate change policy agenda in the EU is driven by the EU’s 2020 climate and energy package, which sets out broad targets to be achieved by 2020. The EU is expected to integrate gender equality concerns into its climate change and other environmental policies. Furthermore, under the strategic engagement for gender equality (2016-2019), the Commission has committed to reporting on the extent to which a gender perspective is mainstreamed across different policy areas, including transport, energy, agriculture, trade and the environment.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area L - The girl child: exposure to stereotypes and violence

    Since 2013, the EU has developed several important policies with relevance to the health of girls. These relate to tackling obesity and promoting safe sexual relations. The EU action plan on childhood obesity (2014) highlighted gendered aspects of obesity and called for healthier environments and restrictions on marketing to children. The European Parliament’s resolution on eliminating gender stereotypes (2013) called on the EU to develop awareness-raising measures to promote zero tolerance of degrading images of girls and women in the media.

  • Beijing +25: the fifth review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action in the EU Member States

    Although the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA) was established 25 years ago, many of the challenges identified in 1995 remain relevant today (such as the gender pay gap, unequal distribution of unpaid work or experiences of gender-based violence, to name just a few). This report both tracks progress against these long-standing challenges and goes beyond them to assess new challenges that have emerged in recent years, including those brought by digitalisation, recent migration flows and a mounting backlash against gender equality.

  • Gender equality and youth: opportunities and risks of digitalisation – Main report

    EIGE’s research shows the many ways digital technologies are benefiting young people in access to learning, friendship, information and actions for social change. It also shows that aggressive behaviour online is anticipated and normalised. For the EU to harness the potential of digital technologies for youth mobilisation, diminishing the power of gender stereotypes online and promoting the diversity of voices, opinions and gender identity are essential.

  • Gender equality and digitalisation in the European Union

    Digital technology has changed many things in our lives, but how is it affecting gender equality? Digitalisation has transformed the character of the labour market, changed the way we interact with our friends, shaped political participation, is impacting the future of work and also carries the risk of cyber violence. All of the above present new challenges, but also offer opportunities to address gender inequalities that affect both women and men, albeit often in different ways.

  • Gender equality and youth: the opportunities and risks of digitalisation – Factsheet

    Digital technologies offer young women and men innovative ways to get involved in politics. From receiving instant news notifications on political developments, to engaging in online debates and expressing opinions on social media, political and civic participation has become faster and easier. Yet, one of the downsides experienced by this generation, who is the most digitally skilled in the EU, is the risk of online abuse.

  • Study in the EU: Set apart by gender

    About half of EU students graduate in two main fields of education. In both of them, the lack of one gender is striking. Almost a quarter of students (24 %) graduate in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects and most of them are men. The other big study field is education, health and welfare (EHW) with one fifth (19 %) of all EU graduates.

  • Study and work in the EU: set apart by gender: Report

    Review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action in the EU Member States Gender segregation is a deeply entrenched feature of education systems and occupations across the EU. It refers to the concentration of one gender in certain fields of education or occupations (horizontal segregation) or the concentration of one gender in certain grades, levels of responsibility or positions (vertical segregation).