All the tasks associated with supporting and servicing the current and future workforce – those who undertake or will undertake productive work. It includes childbearing and nurture, but is not limited to these tasks.

Additional notes and information

It has increasingly been referred to as ‘social reproduction’ to indicate that the term has a broader scope than simply the activities associated with biological reproduction. The fact that reproductive work is the essential basis of productive work is the principal argument for the economic importance of reproductive work. Most of it is undertaken primarily by women, and is unpaid and therefore unrecorded in national accounts.


Mediterranean Institute of Gender Studies (2009). Glossary of Gender-Related Terms. Available at:…