Transgender persons include those who have a gender identity that is different to the gender assigned at birth and those people who wish to portray their gender identity in a different way to the gender assigned at birth. It includes those people who feel they have to, or prefer to, or choose to, present themselves differently to the expectations of the gender role assigned to them at birth, whether by clothing, accessories, cosmetics or body modification. It includes, among many others, transgender persons who are between male and female, transsexuals, transvestites and cross-dressers.

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European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights − FRA (2009). Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II – The Social Situation. Available at: