Psychological violence is any intentional conduct that seriously impairs another person’s psychological integrity through coercion or threats. Its significant characteristic is an abusive pattern of behaviour occurring over time – within or outside the family. It not only affects individuals’ mental health and their social networks, but also deprives them of opportunities for future personal, social and economic development. Examples of psychological violence include acts such as isolation from others, verbal aggression, threats, intimidation, control, harassment or stalking, insults, humiliation and defamation.
Council of Europe (2011). Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and its Explanatory Memorandum. Council of Europe Treaty Series No 210.