Assault that can vary from threats of violence and harm to emotional abuse. Emotional abuse is a tactic of control based on a wide variety of verbal attacks, humiliations or affective neglect, following a pattern of coercive behaviour towards the woman victim. Isolation of the victim by the perpetrator and the use of children to control or punish the victim (i.e. physical or sexual attack on the children, or forcing them to witness the abuse towards their mother) are also examples of psychological violence.
See also: victim; survivor
European Institute for Gender Equality – EIGE (2014). Administrative data sources on gender-based violence against women in the EU: Current status and the potential for the collection of comparable data.