A pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviours, including physical, sexual and psychological acts, as well as economic coercion, which adults or adolescents may use against their intimate partners without their consent. The resulting feelings of shame, fear and helplessness lead to low levels of reporting and, subsequently, relatively few convictions.
The largest burden of intimate partner violence is inflicted by men against their women partners.
(1) UN Women Training Centre Glossary. Available at: https://trainingcentre.unwomen.org/mod/glossary/view.php?id=36; (2) Council of Europe (2011). Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and its Explanatory Report.