In a strict sense, gender-balanced participation implies equal representation, which is often referred to as the parity of participation of women and men, as recommended by the European Parliament. Differing definitions exist, however. The Council of Europe takes balanced participation to mean that the representation of either women or men in any decision-making body in public and political life should not fall below 40 %.
(1) European Parliament (2012). Report on Women in Political Decision-Making: Quality and Equality (2011/2295(INI));