Initially, the concept of gender(s) referred to the socio-cultural construction within the binarism of women and men. This created the difference between the societal roles of genders and ‘biological’ sexed bodies. The described ‘sex/gender’ dichotomy led to an important finding that the social-cultural constructions of genders are not always directly related to anatomy and physiology. Thus the distinction between the so-called (social) gender and (biological) sex was followed by deconstruction of the idea of biological corporeality.
Note: The majority of agreed language regarding the definition of gender in different regional and international policies and conventions does not question the gender dualism and asymmetry.
(1) Šribar, R. (2015). Glossary of common terms in gender equality and feminist theory. In Gendering Science: Slovenian Surveys and Studies in the EU paradigms, eds. Ule M., Šribar R. in Venturini A. U. Wisdom – Echoraum, Wiena (forthcoming); (2) EIGE experts