Forced sterilisation of women refers to the use of a procedure to control the reproductive behaviour of a woman or a particular group of women. It involves surgery which has the purpose or effect of terminating a woman’s capacity to naturally reproduce without her prior and informed consent or understanding of the procedure and its consequences. Forced sterilisation constitutes violence against women and is a form of harmful practice that negatively affects women’s physical and mental health and violates their right to reproductive autonomy.
(1) Council of Europe (2011). Explanatory Report to the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and its Explanatory Memorandum. Council of Europe Treaty Series No 210; (2) World Health Organization – WHO (2014). Eliminating forced coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization. An interagency statement. OHCHR, UN Women, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO; (3) Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (2006). A.S. v. Hungary. Communication no. 4/2004. Thirty-sixth session.