The principle of equal treatment means that there shall be no direct or indirect discrimination based on sex and gender, including less favourable treatment of women for reasons of pregnancy and maternity. More favourable provisions concerning the protection of women as regards pregnancy and maternity, and positive measures that aim to achieve substantive gender equality, are not contrary to the principle of equal treatment.
See also: direct discrimination; indirect discrimination
European Union (2014). EU Gender Equality Law: Update 2013. European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality.