Achievement of equality in the broader, more results-oriented, redistributive sense, based on the insight that equality of opportunity and equal treatment may not be enough to redress the historical oppression and disadvantage of women.
See also: substantive gender equality
(1) Based on CEDAW Committee. General Recommendation No 25 on Article 4, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women – Temporary Special Measures. (2) EIGE experts.