Direct violence against women focuses on all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm to, or suffering of, women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
See also: violence against women; indirect violence
(1) European Union (2008). EU guidelines on violence against women and girls and combating all forms of discrimination against them: General Affairs Council of 8 December 2008; (2) European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) (2013). Gender Equality Index: Report. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union. Available at: