Violence against women and girls when they are confined to a location where their rights are controlled. Acts of violence in such locations, including in police cells, retention centres, prisons, social welfare institutions and immigration detention centres, constitute violence perpetrated by the state. Women in detention may be at particular risk of being subjected to violence perpetrated by staff and may have very limited possibilities to report such acts of violence.
United Nations (2006). In-Depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women. Report of the Secretary-General. UN Document A/61/122/Add.1.