Childcare is a broad concept covering the provision of public, private, individual or collective services to meet the needs of parents and children. Flexibility in the provision of these services and facilities is a requirement in terms of meeting the particular needs of children of different ages as well as those of their working parents. All workers, irrespective of their sex, should have the possibility of combining paid employment with their responsibilities for children, and the active role of men should be promoted with adequate measures to ensure the equal division of caring responsibilities among women and men.

See also: reconciliation of work, family and private life

Propose an update


(1) Council Recommendation 92/241/EEC of 31/03/92, OJ L 123;

(2) International Labour Organization – ILO (2007). ABC of Women Workers’ Rights and Gender Equality.