Good practices in combating female genital mutilation

Prevention
Netherlands

Following the publication of the research report of 2003 ‘Strategies to prevent circumcision in girls’, an FGM policy brief was issued in 2004 that recommended the establishment of the Commission Fighting FGM, whose reports have triggered a succession of actions. The most important consequence...

Protection
Spain

In 2001, the Parliament of Catalonia passed Resolution 832/VI of 20 June adopting measures against the practice of FGM and urging the Government of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya) to adopt preventive and welfare measures within the areas of health, education and social services. Following...

Protection
United Kingdom

There is no specific UK national asylum legislation dealing with FGM, besides the UK’s obligations under the 1951 Refugee Convention and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), and the minimum standards for protection set by the EU qualification directive. However, there are...

Prosecution
France

CAMS was founded by Awa Thiam, an author and activist of of Senegalese origin in March 1982. Linda Weil-Curiel, a lawyer who has been part of every FGM criminal procedure initiated (with the exception of two court cases at the provincial level), is the current director.

In France, there...

Support Services
United Kingdom

One of the responses to migrant women with FGM in the UK was the establishment of a specialised service to cater for the health needs of these women. As a result of this, in 1993, the first African Well Woman Clinic was opened by Harry Gordon in Northwick Park hospital. The main aim of the...

Partnership
Portugal

FGM started to be tackled at the policy level in 2003, when it was included in a national plan against domestic violence. In 2007, an intersectorial group was created in the framework of the European Commission’s Daphne programme to develop national action plans to address FGM. During the...

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