In Romania gender equality falls under the responsibility of two main institutions: the Directorate for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men (which replaced the former National Agency for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men), within the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Senior Citizens, and the National Anti-discrimination Council. The former is exclusively dedicated to gender equality, while the latter is a general anti-discrimination body.
The body in charge of gender mainstreaming, under the coordination of the Directorate for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men, is the Commission for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men (CONES), established in 2007 by a variant of Law No. 202/2002 Regarding the Equal Opportunities of Women and Men.
CONES had ceased to function in 2009 in the context of the reorganisation of the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, but it was re-established by a government decision in 2013. Law 202/2002 was amended to provide that the Ministry of Labour should elaborate national policies and action plans for the government in the field of equal opportunities between women and men, and coordinate the application of plans and policies.
Furthermore, in 2014 a Department for Equal Opportunities between Men and Women was established within the Ministry, with its own legal status: it is ‘responsible for drawing up, coordinating and applying government strategies and policy in the field of equal opportunities between men and women, and exercising state competencies in strategy and regulation for the field of equal opportunities between men and women’.