The introduction of the idea of gender mainstreaming in Denmark has been influenced by the European Union (EU) and, in particular, by the Amsterdam Treaty, which came into force in 1999. The following year, gender mainstreaming was introduced into Danish national legislation through the Gender Equality Act, which states that that ‘Public authorities shall within their respective areas of responsibility seek to promote gender equality and incorporate gender equality in all planning and administration’.
There is a special focus on gender mainstreaming in Denmark, with the Minister for Gender Equality taking the lead, and the Department for Gender Equality acting as a secretariat for the minister. From 2001 to 2013, the Minister for Gender Equality was supported by the Gender Mainstreaming Steering Committee, which consisted of high-level representatives from all ministries.
Laws and Policies
Over the years, efforts to promote gender mainstreaming have been formalised in important policy documents.
Methods & Tools
A variety of methods are being deployed. Some provisions are in place to encourage the take-up of gender mainstreaming, such as gender impact assessments of legislative proposals, mandatory sex-disaggregated statistics in selected areas, the submission of annual monitoring reports from each ministry to the Minister for Gender Equality. In addition, the central administration, regions and municipalities are obliged to submit gender-equality assessments reports every other year.