Natural person who has suffered harm (including physical, mental or emotional harm or economic loss) directly caused by a criminal offence – regardless of whether an offender is identified, apprehended, prosecuted or convicted, and regardless of the familial relationship between them.

See also: survivor

Propose an update


(1) European Commission (2013). Guidance document related to the transposition and implementation of Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA; (2) European Parliament, Policy Department C: Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs (2013). Overview of the Worldwide Best Practices for Rape Prevention and for Assisting Women Victims of Rape; (3) EIGE experts.