Gentle, invisible, pervasive violence that is exercised through cognition and misrecognition, knowledge and sentiment, often with the unwitting consent or complicity of the dominated.
(1) Bourdieu, P. (2001). Masculine Domination, Cambridge, Polity; (2) Galtung, J. (1990), ‘Cultural Violence’, Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 27, No 3.