Measures targeted at a particular group and intended to eliminate and prevent discrimination or to offset disadvantages arising from existing attitudes, behaviours and structures.
(1) European Commission (1998). 100 Words for Equality: A Glossary of Terms on Equality between Women and Men; (2) Gender Equality Commission of the Council of Europe (2015). Gender Equality Glossary; (3) Council Conclusions on the effectiveness of institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women and gender equality, 2013. Available at: