Cultural norm that continuously connects men to power and economic achievements.

See also: caring masculinity

Additional notes and information

This pattern of masculinity, which shapes the hegemonic position, is not only adverse to equality and inclusion, but also brings disadvantages and costs for men.

From this perspective, men’s health problems have been interpreted as ‘costs of masculinity’, as opposed to the privileges men gain from the current gender relations, for example higher income and less unpaid work.


Connell, R. W. (1995). Masculinities, Cambridge, Polity Press.