Many types of measures to promote or achieve gender equality that are alternatives to a complaints-led model in being forward-looking requiring from bodies, such as public authorities and employers, to take the initiative rather than merely respond to complaints.

Additional notes and information

Such measures are proactive in that they aim to change existing practices, scrutinise future practices in terms of their impact on women, or implement express policies to further gender equality.


European Commission (2009). Making Equality Effective: The Role of Proactive Measures. European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality.